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Treatment of alcoholism / Of a stage and symptoms / -> alcoholic poisoning /

-> alcoholic poisoning

Alcohol as one of necessary intermediate products of a metabolism, is present at an organism of any person, even the most inveterate nondrinker. usually its quantity in blood is insignificant a little. for achievement at least an easy stage of intoxication it is quantity should increase time in three-four, and for a heavy stage - in ten and more times. if to take alcohol in the doses exceeding needs of nature it is possible to receive a serious poisoning which can lead to a lethal outcome. alcoholic intoxication depends not only on a dose of the accepted alcohol, but also from time which has expired from this point on, from biological and psychological features of the person, an alcoholic intoxication. for this reason distinguish some degrees Of alcoholic poisoning (in another way alcoholic intoxication or an alcoholic intoxication). in an initial stage of alcoholic intoxication own forces and working capacity seem drunk raised though by a number of experimental researches it is established, what even the most insignificant quantities of alcohol considerably lower ability of the person to physical and mental work. representations lose clearness and a sharpness; the most thin details and relations between them escape attention; there comes exhaustion faster. for example, in habitual and slow activity of the person to find out any deviations at the use of a glass of beer it is difficult. but in an extreme situation already at concentration of alcohol in blood of 0,4 mmol/l (0,4 mg of alcohol on 100 ml of blood), even when there is no any clinical signs of intoxication, skill of drivers of transport falls on 32 %. easy degree of alcoholic intoxication, at which concentration of alcohol in blood makes from 20 to 100 mmol/l (20-100 mg of alcohol on 100 ml of blood), are characterised usually by mood increase,acceleration of associations, increase in amplitude of emotional reactions, self-criticism decrease, instability of attention, impatience and other signs of prevalence of mental excitation over braking. thus it is possible to observe some neurologic (infringement of coordination of thin movements) and vegetative (pulse and breath increase) frustration. at intoxication of average degree (when concentration of alcohol in blood is in limits from 100 to 250 mmol/l) the good state of health and cheerful mood are replaced by stupid indifference, but more often irritability, roughness and anger explosions, thus thinkingjudgements become primitive, speech greased and muffled, and behaviour tactless and dismissed. neurologic infringements at intoxication of average degree are shown in easing of painful and temperature sensitivity, colouring of the person becomes pale, there are coordination infringements, shaky gait, quite often there is a nausea and vomiting. at the use of the big doses of alcohol there can come heavy degree of alcoholic intoxication (when concentration of alcohol in blood makes from 250 to 400 mmol/l) which is expressed in an amnesia, drowsiness, oppression of consciousness up to a coma. the strong intoxication is characterised also by a deep sleep, easingskin and other reflexes; sharp falling of warm activity and breath infringement. at higher concentration of alcohol in blood (to 700 mmol/l) there can come death from a breath paralysis.
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